Skip to Main Content

Advanced Search

CA 214 - OL Cinderella: Historical & Newspaper Resources

Off Campus Access

Are databases asking you for a password?
Are you off-campus?

The Library now uses OpenAthens as a proxy server!

Be sure to use a library provided link to the database you wish to use. You should be prompted for your Juniata username and password. After entering those you will be authenticated as a Juniata user for the remainder of your browser session.

For more details see the Off Campus Access guide


Primary Source Defined

Primary Sources are: "Materials produced by people or groups directly involved in the event or topic under consideration, either as participants or as witnesses." - Mary Lynn Rampolla. A Pocket Guide to Writing in History  (Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martins, 2010), 6-7.

Possible examples:

Written Documents

  • Letters
  • Diaries
  • Newspapers / Magazine articles
  • speeches
  • Autobiographies
  • census data
  • marriage, birth and death registers

Other Documents

  • Works of art
  • Films
  • Recordings
  • Clothing
  • Household objects
  • Archeological remains
  • Oral sources (Interviews).

Library Databases

Internet Cultural Resources

Using search Keywords

Keywords are just as useful searching databases as they were in the Library Catalog. Databases tend to have much more content than the catalog, so search terms can be combined to find more precise resources.

Tips that work for most Databases.

  • Use AND, OR, and NOT to join keyword terms versus assuming that the search engine will apply ones you want
  • Use parentheses to group terms with Boolean terms to distinguish sets of ANDs and ORs
  • Asterisk (*) stands for multiple characters. Most databases only allow * on the end of a term. JStor and Wiley allow * to stand before or embedded in a word.

EXAMPLE: war* = war, wars, warring, warlord, etc.

  • Question marks (?) stand for single character replacement.

EXAMPLE: wom?n = woman, women

  • Use double quotation marks around a phrase that you want to search exactly as typed. Some databases will ignore "stop words" such as 'a', 'the', etc. regardless of quotation marks.
  • Use Author, Title, and Abstract search narrowing to find items more specific to your topic. Be careful when using Abstract because not every article contains one.